Psychiatric Drugs

Overview

Classes of psychiatric medications:

  • Mood stabilizers

    • Lithium

    • Anticonvulsant mood stabilizers

      • Lamotrigine

      • Carbamazepine

      • Valproate

  • Antidepressants

    • SSRIs

      • Escitalopram

      • Sertraline

    • SNRIs

    • NRIs

      • Buproprion

    • TCA

    • MAOI

      • Phenelzine

    • 5-HT2 blockers

    • a2-adrenergic blockers

  • Antipsychotics

    • First generation

      • High-potency

        • Haloperidone

        • Fluphenazine

        • Chlorpromazine

      • Low-potency

    • Second generation

      • Aripripazole

      • Quetiapine

      • Risperidone

      • Paliperidone

      • Olanzapine

  • Anticonvulsants

    • Levetiracetam

    • Topiramate

    • Valproate

Common Adverse Effects

  • Lamotrigine and Valproate

    • Both are known to cause a spectrum of mucocutaneous rashes ranging in severity from a mild maculopapular rash to Stevens-Johns Syndrome (SJS) to Toxic Epidermal Necrolysis (TEN).

  • Lithium

    • Teratogen that can cause birth defects if given during the first trimester, notably Ebstein's anomaly